Books and articles by Future States contributors

Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker, eds., The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Vol I: Britain and Ireland 1880-1955, OUP, 2009

The first of three volumes charting the history of the modernist magazine in Britain, North America, and Europe, this collection offers the first comprehensive study of the wide and varied range of ‘little magazines’ which were so instrumental in introducing the new writing and ideas that came to constitute literary and artistic modernism in the UK and Ireland. In thirty-seven chapters covering over eighty magazines contributors investigate the inner dynamics and economic and intellectual conditions that governed the life of these publications. We learn of the role of editors and sponsors, the relation of the arts to contemporary philosophy and politics, the effects of war and economic depression and of the survival in hard times of radical ideas and a belief in innovation. The chapters include studies of the New Age, Blast, the Egoist and the Criterion, New Writing, New Verse , and Scrutiny as well as lesser known magazines such as the Evergreen, Coterie, the Bermondsey Book, the Mask, Welsh Review, the Modern Scot, and the Bell.

Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker, eds., The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Vol II: North America 1894-1960, OUP, 2012

The second volume in this landmark series contains forty-four original essays on the role of periodicals in the United States and Canada, with discussion of more than 120 magazines. The chapters are organised into thirteen sections, each with a contextual introduction by the editors; they consider key themes in the landscape of North American modernism such as: ‘free verse’; drama and criticism; regionalism; exiles in Europe; the Harlem Renaissance; and radical politics. Critical essays explore familiar ‘little magazines’ such as Poetry, Others, transition, and The Little Review, as well as less well-known magazines such as Rogue, Palms, Harlem, and The Modern Quarterly. Of particular interest is the placing of ‘little magazines’ alongside pulps, slicks, and middlebrow magazines, demonstrating the rich and varied periodical field that constituted modernism in the United States and Canada.

Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop, eds., The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Vol III: Europe 1890-1940, OUP, 2016

The third of the three-volume series contains fifty-six original essays on the role of ‘little magazines’ and independent periodicals in Europe in the period 1880-1940. The book demonstrates how these publications were instrumental in founding and advancing developments in European modernism and the avant-garde. The chapters are organised into six main sections with contextual introductions specific to national, regional histories, and magazine cultures. Individual essays bring focussed attention to a range of celebrated and less well-known magazines, including Le Chat Noir, La Revue blanche, La Nouvelle Revue Française, La Révolution Surréaliste, Documents, De Stijl, Ultra, Der Blaue Reiter, Der Sturm, Der Dada, Ver Sacrum, Cabaret Voltaire, 391, Ma, Contemporanul, Formisci, Zdroj, and Lef.

Faye Hammill and Mark Hussey, Modernism’s Print Cultures, Bloomsbury, 2016

The print culture of the early twentieth century has become a major area of interest in contemporary Modernist Studies. Modernism’s Print Cultures surveys the explosion of scholarship in this field and provides an incisive, well-informed guide for students and scholars alike. Surveying the key critical work of recent decades, the book explores such topics as: periodical publishing – from ‘little magazines’ such as Rhythm to glossy publications such as Vanity Fair; the material aspects of early twentieth-century publishing – small presses, typography, illustration and book design; the circulation of modernist print artefacts through the book trade, libraries, book clubs and cafes; edu-cational and political print initiatives. Including accounts of archival material available online, targeted lists of key further reading, and a survey of new trends in the field, this is an essential guide to an important area in the study of modernist literature.

Faye Hammill and Michelle Smith, Magazines, Travel, and Middlebrow Culture: Canadian Periodicals in English and French, 1925–1960, Liverpool University Press, 2015

A century ago, the golden age of magazine publishing coincided with the beginning of a golden age of travel. Images of speed and flight dominated the pages of the new mass-market periodicals. Magazines, Travel, and Middlebrow Culture centres on Canada, where commercial magazines began to flourish in the 1920s alongside an expanding network of luxury railway hotels and transatlantic liner routes. The leading monthlies – among them Mayfair, Chatelaine, and La Revue Moderne – presented travel as both a mode of self-improvement and a way of negotiating national identity. This book announces a new cross-cultural approach to periodical studies, reading both French- and English-language magazines in relation to an emerging middlebrow culture. Mainstream magazines, Hammill and Smith argue, forged a connection between upward mobility and geographical mobility. For readers who could not afford a trip to Paris or Bermuda, these magazines offered proxy access to the glamour and prestige associated with travel.

Faye Hammill, “The New Yorker, the middlebrow, and the periodical marketplace in 1925,” in Fiona Green, ed., Writing for The New Yorker: Critical Essays on an American Periodical, Edinburgh University Press, 2015

This collection of commissioned critical essays reads across and between New Yorker departments, from sports writing to short stories, cartoons to reporters at large, poetry to annals of business. Attending to the relations between these kinds of writing and the magazine’s visual and material constituents, the collection examines the distinctive ways in which imaginative writing has inhabited the ‘prime real estate’ of this enormously influential periodical. Bringing together a range of sharply angled analyses of particular authors, styles, columns, and pages, this book offers multiple perspectives on American writing and periodical culture at specific moments in twentieth-century history.

Michel Hockx, Joan Judge, and Barbara Mittler, eds., Women and the Periodical Press in China’s Long Twentieth Century: A Space of their Own?, Cambridge University Press, 2018

This important new collection examines the relationship between the Chinese women’s periodical press and global modernity in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The essays probe the ramifications for women of two monumental developments in this period: the intensification of China’s encounters with foreign powers and a media transformation comparable in its impact to the current internet age. The book offers a distinctive methodology for studying the periodical press, supported by the development of a bilingual database of early Chinese periodicals. Essays are punctuated by transdisciplinary reflections from scholars working on periodicals outside of the Chinese context, encouraging readers to rethink common stereotypes about lived womanhood in modern China, and to reconsider the nature of Chinese modernity in a global context.

Claire Lindsay, Magazines, Tourism, and Nation-Building in Mexico, Palgrave-Macmillan, 2019

This open access book discusses the relationship between periodicals, tourism, and nation-building in Mexico. It enquires into how magazines, a staple form of the promotional apparatus of tourism, articulated an imaginative geography of Mexico at a time when that industry became a critical means of economic recovery and political stability after the Revolution. Notwithstanding their popularity, reach, and affiliations to commerce and state, magazines have not received sustained critical attention. This book aims to redress this, arguing that illustrated magazines like Mexican Folkways (1925–1937) and Mexico This Month (1955–1971) offer rich materials, not only as tools for interrogating the ramifications of tourism on the country’s reconstruction, but as autonomous objects of study that form a vital part of Mexico’s visual culture.

Melissa Miles and Robin Gerster, Pacific Exposures: Photography and the Australia-Japan Relationship, Australia National University Press, 2018

Photography has been a key means by which Australians have sought to define their relationships with Japan. From the fascination with all things Japanese in the late nineteenth century, through the era of ‘White Australia’, the bitter enmity of the Pacific War, the path to reconciliation in the post-war period and the culturally complicated bilateralism of today, Australians have used their cameras to express a divided sense of conflict and kinship. The remarkable photographs collected here shed new light on the history of Australia’s engagement with its regional partner. Pacific Exposures argues that photographs tell a story of cultural production, response and reaction—not only about how Australians have pictured Japan, but how they see their own place in the Asia-Pacific.

Melissa, Miles, Photography, Truth and Reconciliation, Bloomsbury, 2019

Photography, Truth and Reconciliation charts the connections between photography and a crucial issue in contemporary social history. The book examines the prevalence of photography in cultural responses to processes of truth and reconciliation, and argues that photographs are a valuable means through which stories can be retold and historiography can be rethought.

Melissa Miles and Edward Welch, eds., Photography and Its Publics, Bloomsbury, 2020

Photography is a ubiquitous part of the public sphere. Yet we rarely stop to think about the important role that photography plays in helping to define what and who constitute the public. Photography and Its Publics brings together leading experts and emerging thinkers to consider the special role of photography in shaping how the public is addressed, seen and represented. This book responds to a growing body of recent scholarship and flourishing interest in photography’s connections to the law, society, culture, politics, social change, the media and visual ethics.

Melissa Miles, The Language of Light and Dark: Light and Place in Australian Photography, Power Publications, 2015

Myths of a distinctly Australian light have shaped national identity and belonging, with particular significance for the country’s photographic works. In this lucid, beautifully illustrated study, Melissa Miles reveals how myths of light and place have been reinvented, renewed, and challenged. She explores how approaches to darkness and light have been affected by debates about colonisation, the landscape, urban development, and patterns of global and environmental change. Addressing topics from indigenous histories to the iconography of national discourse, and from evolving photographic techniques to light therapy, The Language of Light and Dark offers a new approach to the visual history of a nation and a continent.

Patrick Rössler, The Bauhaus at the Newsstand: die neue linie, 1929-1943, Kerber Art, 2010

Between 1929 and 1943, an outstanding new lifestyle magazine called Die Neue Linie (“The New Line”) was published by Beyer Press in Leipzig. No other publication in this period was so consistent in bringing avant-garde typographic ideas to a mass audience; leading graphic designers from the Bauhaus, including László Moholy-Nagy, Umbo and Herbert Bayer, steered the look of the magazine, whose contents combined fashion, literature, graphic design and art. Despite media conformity during the Nazi era, strangely Die Neue Linie was largely spared the regime’s sanctions. The Bauhaus at the Newsstand illustrates the turbulent times in which the magazine appeared, reproducing spreads, statements, articles, and analyses of the magazine’s delicate balancing act between modernism and conformity. The Bauhaus at the Newsstand is a bilingual (German, English) edition.

Patrick Rössler, Bildermagazin der Zeit: László Moholy-Nagys und Joost Schmidts verlorenes Bauhausbuch – ein Konstruktionsversuch, Gebr. Mann Verlag, 2019

In the preannouncements of the “Bauhaus books” of the 1920s, there was repeated mention of a “picture magazine of the time”. It was planned as volume 15 of the legendary series. László Moholy-Nagy envisioned a critical survey of contemporary magazine production. In it, the typographer Joost Schmidt was to make suggestions for a better, “correct” magazine. However, the idea was never realized, and so this book approaches the question of how the planned “Bauhaus book” could have argued. Based on Moholy-Nagy’s thoughts on new typography and especially on his well-known essay on the “Guidelines for a Synthetic Magazine” (1925), the unfinished project is discussed against the background of the iconic turn of that era and illustrated with numerous pictorial examples. Bildermagazin der Zeit is a bilingual (German, English) edition.

Patrick Rössler, Iconic Magazines. Highlights of the German Popular Press 1918-1945. Munich: qved, 2016

Between the two world wars, the illustrated press gained major relevance thanks to a change in the media landscape which in review is often described as the ‘iconic turn’. Indicating the increase of visual media available for the Weimar public, silent movies and magazines reaching large audiences were its driving forces. This catalogue on occasion of an exhibition in Munich and Erfurt presents 100 cases of outstanding magazines which raised awareness not only in their period but still qualify as highlights of the genre. Included as striking examples, they convey the variety of the German magazine market in the 1920s and 1930s, and serve as markers for the major discussion arenas that were shaped by the visual coverage of the illustrated press.

Patrick Rössler, New Typographies. Bauhaus & Beyond: 100 years of functional Graphic Design, Wallstein, Göttingen, 2018

With the functional graphic design of the New Typography, a creative movement that rejected classic layout principles prevailed in the 1920s. The aim was to optimize printed matter in terms of legibility, standardize fonts and page formats, and generally orient it to the German Industrial Standard (DIN). In Germany, New Typography produced an impressive series of important graphic designers of the 20th century, including Willi Baumeister and Kurt Schwitters, Max Burchartz and Walter Dexel. The book brings together selected key works, but also freshly discovered work samples of well-known and less well-known functional designers. New Typographies was published to accompany the exhibition “The Bauhaus Advertises. New Typography and Functional Graphic Design in the Weimar Republic”, at the KunstForum Gotha, March-May 2019.

Tim Satterthwaite, Modernist Magazines and the Social Ideal, Bloomsbury, 2020

The new photo-illustrated magazines of the 1920s traded in images of an ideal modernity, promising motorised leisure, scientific progress, and social and sexual emancipation. Modernist Magazines and the Social Ideal is a pioneering history of these periodicals, and offers an essential primer to interwar magazine culture. The book focuses on two of the leading European titles: the German monthly UHU, and the French news weekly VU, taken as representative of the broad class of popular titles launched in the 1920s. Modernist Magazines explores, in particular, the use of regularity and repetition in magazine photography, reading these repetitious images as symbolic of ideals of social order in the aftermath of the First World War. 

Max Saunders, Imagined Futures: Writing, Science, and Modernity in the To-Day and To-Morrow Book Series, 1923-31, OUP, 2019

This study provides the first substantial history and analysis of the To-Day and To-Morrow series of 110 books, published by Kegan Paul Trench and Trübner from 1923 to 1931, in which writers chose a topic, described its present, and predicted its future. Contributors included J. B. S. Haldane, Bertrand Russell, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, Sylvia Pankhurst, André Maurois, and many others. The argument focuses on science and technology, not only as the subject of many of the volumes, but also as method applied to other disciplines; and as a source of metaphors for representing other domains. It also includes chapters on war, technology, cultural studies, and the arts. The book aims to reinstate the series as a vital contribution to the writing of modernity, and to reappraise modernism’s relation to the future, establishing a body of progressive writing which moves beyond the discourses of post-Darwinian degeneration and post-war disenchantment.

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