Research centres, projects, and organisations
Based in Rennes, the Archives de la critique d’art (Archives of Art Criticism) is an initiative of members of the International Association of Art Critics (AICA). The Archives comprise printed materials and work documents, photographs, sound and audiovisual recordings, related to the activities of art critics and audiences in the post-1945 period.
CDH applies a cross-disciplinary perspective to understand how design in all its forms has shaped things, spaces and actions across time. The centre’s approach extends to other arts and humanities, the social sciences, engineering, health, and community engagement. CDH contributes to an expanded field of design history that embraces the conjunction of professional and non-professional practices; digital and analogue artefacts; the de-centring of design practice away from singular object to complex ecologies, objects and systems, and the embedding of design thinking into management and organisational processes.
This international research project seeks to restore complexity to early-twentieth-century Chinese history, challenging reductive discourses on the failings of tradition and the promise of modernity. From the project website: “Our instrument and object of investigation is the popular press, an as yet understudied medium that dominated the contemporary print market and became one of the prime sites for the production of knowledge and culture. Our thematic focus is the fraught and momentous subject of new gender relations in this period when footbinding ended, formal female education was officially sanctioned (1907), and women’s public roles dramatically expanded. Our geographical locus is Shanghai, epicenter of developments in both the periodical press and gender relations at the turn of the twentieth century. The project combines methods from cultural, print, art and women’s history.”
DNCJ, the Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism, is a collaborative project involving scholars from Britain, Ireland, the Netherlands, France, the United States and Belgium. The aim of this large research group is to build a “reliable reference book, which is both comprehensive and succinct”. While DNCJ draws on data from extant publications, it aims to supplement them by extending their coverage considerably, and by presenting the entire range of categories found in separate titles in a single alphabetical sequence.
The European Society for Periodical Research (ESPRit) aims to provide a platform for periodical researchers through its website, mailing list, annual conferences and online journal JEPS (Journal of European Periodical Studies). ESPRit takes an interdisciplinary approach and focuses on both English and non-English-language periodicals. It transcends specific thematic interests, although the emphasis is on European research. To join the network, subscribe to the mailing list, and/or register as a member of ESPRit, visit: www.espr-it.eu.
IFhM (Interdisziplinäre Forschungsstelle für historische Medien) is an interdisciplinary research archive at the University of Erfurt, which collects and analyzes historical media of different kinds, with an emphasis on magazines, movies and movie-related press. The archive’s most recent project is a citizen science platform on the cinema of the former GDR: Kino in der DDR.
The research project Mapping Architectural Criticism, 20th and 21st Centuries: a Cartography, funded by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche, aims at developing a field of research on architectural criticism and its history, from the last decades of the 19th century to the present day. It is based on an international network of scholars, whose research involves history of architectural criticism, on various levels and with different approaches (including architectural theory, history of preservation, historiography of architecture, history of architectural periodicals and of criticism).
The Network of American Periodical Studies (NAPS) is a new research initiative, set up by Dr Sue Currell (University of Sussex) and Dr Victoria Bazin (Northumbria University), that aims to bring together scholars working on American periodicals (magazines, newspapers and other periodical publications) from any historical period.
NAPS brings together scholars from a range of historical periods in order to stimulate further dialogue about how we study periodicals and why we study periodicals. Whilst the network focuses on research on American periodicals, scholars working on periodicals from around the world may well find NAPS useful for identifying synergies and connections between American and non-American print cultures. The network defines ‘America’ not simply as the United States, but to include the nations that form that continent.
The Printed and the Built is a multidisciplinary research project situated at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design / the Oslo Centre for Critical Architectural Studies (OCCAS), in collaboration with the University of Oslo, the National Museum for Art, Design and Architecture, and a wide international network. The project studies the relationship between the built environment and print culture in 19th- and early 20th-century Europe.
The Research Society for Victorian Periodicals (RSVP) is an interdisciplinary and international association of scholars dedicated to the exploration of the richly diverse world of the 19th-century press: magazines, newspapers, and serials of all kinds. Members of RSVP are involved in the study of British literature, and the history and culture of Britain and its empire, as well as in the emerging fields of book history and media history.
The Site of Discourse is an R&D project dedicated to the study of the architectural periodical press in Portugal during the twentieth century. This collaborative project aims to unveil the artistic practices and corresponding discursive ideas within these magazines. The research studies how the editorial culture frames the architectural discourse, with a critical reflection based on three fields of analysis: formal and visual support; agents and their social web; discursive contents (disciplinary, ideological, professional, aesthetical, technical, theoretical). This project is based at the Institute of Art History (FCSH/UNL) and DINAMIA’CET(ISCTE/IUL) in Lisbon, and was funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science Technology (FCT) (2014-2016).
Research project (2013-18), based at James Cook University, Australia, which culminated in the publication of The Transported Imagination: Australian Interwar Magazines and the Geographical Imaginaries of Colonial Modernity (Cambria, 2018). The project produced over a dozen scholarly articles and numerous public presentations, exploring the convergence of modern themes in mainstream magazines: modernity, mobility, travel, and the Pacific: “Our research thus draws from oceanic metaphors to consider this material also as ‘portholes’ that give the contemporary reader insight into the interwar imaginary of various landfalls, destinations, travel experiences, identities, and other related themes.”
Magazine and newspaper archives
The archives listed below are online, open-access resources that are freely accessible to the research community. Our aim is to compile a comprehensive worldwide list: to add further titles, please contact Future States, providing a short summary of the archive’s holdings.
As part of its digitization programme, BAnQ features on its web portal a growing number of digitized Quebec periodicals and newspapers, including La Gazette officielle (1869-1995), La Minerve (1826-1899), La Patrie (1879-1978), Le Quartier latin (1919-1970), Cité libre (1950-2000), La Revue moderne (1919-1960) and Amérique française (1941-1964). The RJQ interface (in French only) allows full-text search of selected titles.
Extensive collection of digitised Brazilian periodicals, dating back to 1813. Facscimiles can be downloaded as pdfs.
Brazil’s online portal of national periodicals, with extensive access to magazines, yearbooks, bulletins and serial publications. Digitised titles range from the first periodicals created in the country – such as the Correio Braziliense and the Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, established in 1808 – to defunct 20th-century periodicals, as the Diário Carioca and Correio da Manhã, and others that no longer circulate in printed form, such as Jornal do Brasil. Holdings include, O Espelho, Reverbero Constitutional Fluminense, O Jornal das Senhoras, O Homem de Cor, Marmota Fluminense, Semana Illustrada, A Vida Fluminense, O Mosquito, A República, Gazeta de Notícias, Revista Illustrada, O Besouro, O Abolicionista, Correio de S. Paulo, Correio do Povo, O Paiz, Diário de Notícias, and also some of the first periodicals of the Empire provinces. Scientific institutions’ periodicals compose a special segment of the archive.
The digital archive of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, including a comprehensive open-access database of 19th- and 20th-century French magazines and newspapers. Gallica is one of the world’s leading online, free-to-access digital libraries, providing access to a vast archive of printed documents (books, press and magazines) in image and text formats, as well as manuscripts, sound and iconographic documents, maps and plans. The documents selected by the BnF illustrate the French written heritage and its influence in Europe and worldwide. They compose an encyclopaedic and comprehensive resource, representative of major French authors and of the various trends of reflection and research over the centuries.
Online archive providing access to hundreds of historic newspapers from all over Great Britain and Ireland. The BNA is a partnership between the British Library and findmypast, with the aim, over the next ten years, of digitising up to 40 million newspaper pages from the library’s vast collection.
Database for researchers interested in the study of architectural history and the history of the architectural press. The site offers access to the collections of two important British architectural periodicals published in the period 1842 to 1914. It includes a large database of nearly 4,000 citations to buildings; users can search by name of architect, name or type of building, country, city, town or village, or name of client.
Database of Shanghai “tabloid” publications, 1890s-1930s.
Fully searchable database of four early 20th-century Chinese women’s magazines (see Research centres, above, for more on this collaborative research project).
Online archive hosted by University of Heidelberg, bringing together several digital collections of the early Chinese press.
Google Books offers a complete, open-access digitised run of Life magazine, 1936-72.
Founded in 2008, HathiTrust is a “not-for-profit collaborative of academic and research libraries preserving 17+ million digitized items. HathiTrust offers reading access to the fullest extent allowable by U.S. copyright law, computational access to the entire corpus for scholarly research, and other emerging services based on the combined collection.”
The Hemeroteca Digital website holds a vast digital collection of Portuguese newspapers and magazines organised by the municipality of Lisbon. It aims to build a digital library for the public domain, promoting online consultation of Portugal’s diverse and extensive periodical press. Besides its collection, the archive offers further information resources, resulting from the library’s dynamic cultural and scientific activity.
A database of Austrian and Germany daily newspapers, covering the period 1848-1945. Primarily it contains secondary data based on a comparative evaluation of contemporary newspaper catalogues, press-historical presentations, bibliographies and inventory lists.
Illustrated magazines are a rich and aesthetically first-rate source on the history of everyday life, culture, communication, design and photography in the interwar period. Through the DFG-funded digitisation and indexing project Illustrierte Magazine der Klassischen Moderne (Illustrated Magazines of Classical Modernism), ten of the most important German-language magazines of that era, with more than 650 issues, 75,000 printed pages and over 50,000 illustrations, were initially digitised at the SLUB Dresden between 2012 and 2014. Since the end of the project, futher titles have been added to the collection. The archive includes complete or semi-complete runs of: Auto-Magazin, Das Jüdische Magazin, Kokain, Das Kriminal Magazin, Das Leben, Das Magazin, Die Neue Bücherschau, Das Neue Russland, Der Querkopf, Der Querschnitt, Revue des Monats, Roland, Scherl’s Magazin, Tempo, UHU, Ullstein-Berichte. Illustrierte Presse is now hosted by arthistoricum.net.
A collection of 22 core newspapers from early C20th China, browsable by title and by date.
Launched in March 1920 by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier and the French cubist painter and writer Amédée Ozenfant, the magazine L’Esprit Nouveau (1920-25), was a magazine of reference within the art and architectural avant- garde movements of the early twentieth century. The magazine is now available in digital format thanks to the work of the Biblioteca di Area delle Arti (Library of Arts) of the Università degli Studi Roma Tre (Roma Tre University). The project includes a complete digital collection of 28 issues of the magazine and offers a range of search functions developed to facilitate access to this collection, allowing users to download, save and print medium-resolution images.
The Magazine Rack, a portal provided by the Internet Archive, is a vast collection of digitized magazines and monthly publications launched in January 2013. It includes 711 different collection types across a wide range of content in a vast number of languages. The majority are European but there are also almost 3000 titles in Japanese.
Website of research project on the history of Canadian magazines, based at University of Strathclyde (2011-16). The site includes links to related magazine digitisation projects.
The MJP offers an extensive, online archive of English-language literary magazines from the 1890s to the 1920s. There are also multiple additional resources: scholarly essays and other supporting materials on the period, teaching resources, publications lists, and visualisation tools.
Described on its website as a “wiki for the arts, media and humanities, ” Monoskop serves as a reference guide to avant-garde and modernist magazines printed in the early twentieth century. Its main sections include a selection of introductory issues, an index of some of the most cited journals, a collection of online editions containing hundreds more titles, and a select bibliography for modern periodical studies.
The online archive of the Musée Nicéphore Niépce, Chalon-sur-Saône, contains a full run of the pioneering French weekly news magazine VU (1928-40), created by Lucien Vogel. There are also comprehensive runs of Art et Médécine (1929-39), and Voilà (1931-40).
The Odysseo portal brings together a comprehensive collection of resources around the history of immigration to France following extensive survey work conducted by Génériques since 1987. The portal provides internet users access to resources including references and descriptions of private and public archival holdings, digitised posters and periodicals, as well as archival documents, photographs and musical scores. The archive also contains sound and audiovisual sources and a historical dictionary including a biographical and place record.
National online archive of Brazilian newspapers, launched in 2018 by the Instituto Moreira Salles.
The web portal Revistas culturales 2.0 is a virtual research environment for all those who are interested in historic hispanophone magazines. While nowadays the interactivity of the Web 2.0 is mostly used to publish contemporary online magazines, Revistas culturales uses this technology to research historic cultural magazines of the modernist and avant-garde periods. Traditional methods of research usually entail discussing one or two titles through intensive close reading; within this project, the researchers try to enrich classical hermeneutical analysis by allowing readers to compare many hispanophone magazines at once in an online environment. On the one hand, Revistas culturales 2.0 gives an insight into projects digitizing hispanophone magazines, on the other hand it seeks to show how this material can be analyzed with new tools and methods provided by the Digital Humanities. Revistas culturales 2.0 allows the viewer to annotate its collection of digitized magazines, which is provided by its co-operation partner Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin.
The survey work of the research group Revistas de Ideias e Cultura (RIC) is the result of a collaboration between the Seminar: Seminário Livre de História das Ideias of the University Nova in Lisbon, the Portuguese National Library, and the Mário Soares Foundation. The site permits free access to several collections of the most representative cultural and political magazines of Portugal in the 20th century. Users can browse each issue separately, and the site includes search by author, concept, subject, authors cited, works cited or places.
This portal provides a comprehensive insight into Münzenberg’s life, and archival materials relating to the history of social, political and cultural movements and solidarity networks in the first half of the twentieth century. Pdfs of selected issues of Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung, Jugend-Internationale, Sichel und Hammer, Die Welt am Abend, and other periodicals, can be downloaded from the website’s online library.
ZEFYS, the newspaper portal of the Berlin State Library, provides more than 280,000 issues of 192 historical newspapers from Germany, and foreign newspapers in German, focusing on the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
American Periodicals, the official publication of the Research Society for American Periodicals, is devoted exclusively to scholarship and criticism relating to American magazines and newspapers of all periods. It includes essays, notes, reviews, bibliographies, and histories on all aspects of American periodicals, from the earliest 18th-century magazines to 21st-century ‘zines and e-journals.
American Periodicals invites scholarly essays treating any aspect of American periodicals (magazines, newspapers, and other periodical publications) from any historical period. Submissions that treat topics such as editorial policy, financing, production, readership, design, illustration, and circulation of specific periodicals are welcome, as are those that explore the position of American periodicals within the broader culture. In particular, the journal welcomes articles that, like the periodicals themselves, cross the boundaries of several disciplines and explore the complex ways that periodicals have shaped, and have been shaped by, American culture.
The Journal of European Periodical Studies (JEPS) is a bi-annual, peer-reviewed online journal devoted to the study of periodicals and newspapers in Europe from the seventeenth century to the present. It publishes research from a broad range of critical, theoretical and methodological perspectives, including, but not limited to, cultural history, literary studies, art history, gender studies, media studies, history of science and digital humanities. As the official journal of the European Society for Periodical Research, JEPS offers scholars a forum for sharing their research and exchanging ideas across disciplinary borders.
The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal devoted to the academic study of modern periodicals—periodicals published roughly in the period from 1880 to 1950, whether they are aggressively modernist or anti-modernist, popular or elite, mass circulation or specialized, long-lasting or brief. Daily newspapers, weeklies, monthlies, quarterlies, and irregularly published little magazines are all part of the field covered by this journal. The journal publishes full-length articles, shorter notes and comments, bibliographies, biographical essays, reviews of books, digital projects, research archives, and other such significant scholarly resources.
Media History is an interdisciplinary journal which welcomes contributions addressing media and society from the fifteenth century to the present. Its perspective is both historical and international. It explores all forms of serial publication in manuscript, print and electronic media and encourages work which crosses the boundaries of politics, culture and communications. Contributors are encouraged to submit related visual material where appropriate.
Modernism/modernity focuses on the methodological, archival, and theoretical approaches particular to modernist studies. It encourages an interdisciplinary approach linking music, architecture, the visual arts, literature, and social and intellectual history. The journal’s broad scope fosters dialogue about the history of modernism and its relations to modernization. Modernism/modernity is the official journal of the Modernist Studies Association (MSA).
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